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Low-dose IL-2 for Treg Expansion and Tolerance (LITE) | Recruiting
Low-dose IL-2 for Treg Expansion an... | Recruiting
Low-dose IL-2 for Treg Expansion and Tolerance (LITE)
LITE

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Medical Conditions
  • Transplantation
  • Liver Diseases
Primary Contact Details
Recruitment Status
Recruiting
Trial source and source ID number
NCT02949492
This information is designed to help you decide whether this trial is of interest. In some cases it is provided as a link to more detailed patient information or it may still be awaited from the organisation running the trial. Please look again shortly if the information you need is not here or, if named, contact the researcher named above.
Summary
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) suppress cytopathic immune responses and inhibit transplant rejection. Our goal is to exploit the Treg suppressive properties to induce transplantation tolerance. In contrast to effector T cells, Tregs constitutively express the high affinity IL-2 receptor, which makes them exquisitely sensitive to very low-doses of IL-2. We propose here to conduct a phase IV clinical trial in which we will test the capacity of low-dose IL-2 to promote the selective expansion of endogenous Tregs in liver transplant recipients at the time immunosuppressive drugs are being discontinued. We expect this will promote Treg accumulation within the transplanted liver, shift the balance between effector T cells and Tregs, and facilitate the development of operational tolerance in patients unlikely to reach this state spontaneously. We expect the trial to start shortly after the initiation of the project and to provide robust evidence on the efficacy of IL-2 within 47 months.
Research Details
  • Transplantation remains the most successful treatment for end-stage organ failure, but the need to administer life-long immunosuppression (IS) to prevent rejection limits patient survival. Liver transplantation is the only transplantation setting in which a sizeable proportion of patients spontaneously develop "operational tolerance", a phenomenon defined by the maintenance of stable graft function in the absence of destructive immune responses without the need of IS. Unfortunately this phenomenon preferentially develops in elderly recipients and several years after transplantation. To maximize the benefit derived from IS discontinuation there is a need to find strategies to intentionally induce tolerance in young recipients in whom accumulated IS toxicity has not yet occurred. Our studies have revealed that successful IS discontinuation is associated with a transient intra-graft immune regulatory response with preferential accumulation of regulatory T cells (Tregs). This suggests that short-term enhancement of Treg numbers and/or function at the time of IS withdrawal may facilitate the acquisition of tolerance in patients who are not predisposed to spontaneously develop it. IL-2 is a cytokine that is essential for the optimal development, survival and function of Tregs. Several clinical studies have shown that low-dose IL-2 preferentially expands Tregs and is safe and efficacious in patients with autoimmunity or GVHD. In these studies, Treg frequency increased up to 2 to 8-fold without significant changes in the number of effector T cells. Our objective is to investigate if administration of a short-course of low dose IL-2 to liver transplant recipients facilitates the discontinuation of IS. We propose to conduct a phase II, safety and efficacy, prospective, single-arm clinical trial in which liver recipients <50 years old and 2-6 years after transplantation will receive IL-2 and gradually discontinue their IS medication.
Phase
Phase 4
Study Design
Sorry, this information is not available
Study Type
Interventional
Intervention
Drug : IL-2 (interleukin 2)

Study Arm Groups : IL-2 arm

Intervention Type
See Interventions above
Primary Outcome Measures
    Discontinuation of immunosuppression drugs; 12 months post IS withdrawal
Secondary Outcome Measures
    Proportion of tolerant participants remaining free of rejection; 12 months post IS withdrawal; Development of serum anti-HLA antibodies; 12 months post IS withdrawal
Publication(s)
Sorry, this information is not available
Result Reports
Check availability of results on the Clinicaltrials.gov website
This information is designed to help you decide whether this trial is of interest. In some cases it is provided as a link to more detailed patient information or it may still be awaited from the organisation running the trial. Please look again shortly if the information you need is not here or, if named, contact the researcher named above.
Gender
All
Age Range
18 Years - 60 Years
Who Can Participate
Patients
Number of Participants
25
Participant Inclusion Criteria
    Inclusion Criteria:

    1. Adult liver transplant recipients 2-6 years post-transplant and age <50 years;

    2. Recipient of single organ transplant only;

    3. Liver function tests: direct bilirubin and ALT <2 x ULN at the screening visit;

    4. On calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) based IS; with or without one of the following: Low dose mycophenolic acid (≤ 1080 mg daily), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF ≤ 1500 mg daily), or azathioprine (≤ 150 mg daily);

    5. Provision of written informed consent.

    Exclusion Criteria:

    1.1. Serum positivity for HCV-RNA at screening; 2. Serum positivity for HIV-1 infection, HBV surface antigen or HBV-DNA at screening; 3. Active liver or systemic immune-mediated disease in which IS discontinuation is inadvisable (autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis); 4. Acute or chronic rejection within the 52 weeks prior to screening; 5. GFR <40 mL/min (to mitigate the risk of worsening renal failure should rejection occur and high level of CNI be required); 6. The need for chronic anti-coagulation that cannot be safely discontinued to safely perform for a liver biopsy; 7. Screening liver biopsy showing signs of clinically significant histological damage will preclude continuation in the trial; 8. Maintenance immunosuppressive therapy with a mTOR inhibitor (sirolimus or everolimus); 9. Active infection or malignancy; 10. Inability to comply with study directed treatment; 11. Any medical condition that in the opinion of the principal investigator would interfere with safe completion of the trial (including severe cardiac disease, severe respiratory disease with O2 blood saturation <92%, any other major organ dysfunction, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ECOG > 1).

    12. Participation in another IMP study within 3 months from consent; 13. Any known allergy or intolerance to the IMP components; 14. Pregnancy or lactation; 15. Lack of effective methods of contraception for women and men of childbearing potential; 16. Hypersensitivity to Proleukin or to any of the excipients.
Participant Exclusion Criteria
This is in the inclusion criteria above
This information is designed to help you decide whether this trial is of interest. In some cases it is provided as a link to more detailed patient information or it may still be awaited from the organisation running the trial. Please look again shortly if the information you need is not here or, if named, contact the researcher named above.
Trial Location(s)
London
SE5 9RS
Trial Contact(s)
Primary Trial Contact
Jurate Wall
02078480492
Other Trial Contacts
Alberto Sanchez-Fueyo
02078485883
Countries Recruiting
United Kingdom
This information is designed to help you decide whether this trial is of interest. In some cases it is provided as a link to more detailed patient information or it may still be awaited from the organisation running the trial. Please look again shortly if the information you need is not here or, if named, contact the researcher named above.
Scientific Title
Low Dose IL-2 to Expand Endogenous Regulatory T-cells and Achieve Tolerance in Liver Transplantation
EudraCT Number
Not available for this trial
Funder(s)
  • King's College Hospital NHS Trust
Other Study ID Numbers
LITE-01
Sponsor(s)
King's College London
Key Dates

Recruitment Start Date

Dec 2017

Recruitment End Date

Sep 2019

Trial Start Date
Date Not Available
Trial End Date
Date Not Available
Date added to source

27 Oct 2016

Date updated in source

05 Mar 2018